Publication:20121010095001

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Title Inorganic chemical composition and chemical reactivity of settled dusts generated by the World Trade Center building collapse
Subtitles
Keywords
Publication Date 2006/01/01
Exact Publication Date Unknown
Publication Number
Publication Version
Authors Geoffrey S. Plumlee, Philip L. Hageman, Paul J. Lamothe, Thomas L. Ziegler, Gregory P. Meeker, Peter M. Theodorakos, Isabelle K. Brownfield, Monique G. Adams, Gregg A. Swayze, Todd M. Hoefen, Joseph E. Taggar, Roger N. Clark, Stephen E. Wilson, Stephen J. Sutley
Number of Pages 39
Original URL

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/bk-2006-0919.ch012

Working URL

http://speclab.cr.usgs.gov/PAPERS/wtc.asc.ch3

Abstract URL

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/bk-2006-0919.ch012

Preprint URL


Company or Agency U.S. Geological Survey
Journal
Journal Issue
Book Urban Aerosols and Their Impact: Lessons Learned from the World Trade Center Tradgedy
Book Chapter 12
Book Start Page 238
Book End Page 276
doi
isbn 0-8412-3916-9
Cite as Plumlee, G.S., Hageman, P.L., Lamothe, P.J., Ziegler, T.L., Meeker, G.P., Theodorakos, P., Brownfield, I., Adams, M., Swayze G.A., Hoefen, T., Taggart, J.E., Clark, R.N., Wilson, S., Sutley, S., 2006, Chapter 12: Inorganic chemical composition and chemical reactivity of settled dusts generated by the World Trade Center building collapse: in Urban Aerosols and Their Impacts: Lessons Learned from the World Trade Center Tragedy, Jeff Gaffney and N. A. Marley (eds), American Chemical Society, Symposium Series 919, Oxford University Press, p. 238-276, plates 12.1-12.2.
Abstract Samples of dust deposited around lower Manhattan by the September 11, 2001, World Trade Center (WTC) collapse have inorganic chemical compositions that result in part from the variable chemical contributions of concrete, gypsum wallboard, glass fibers, window glass, and other materials contained in the buildings. The dust deposits were also modified chemically by variable interactions with rain water or water used in street washing and fire fighting. Chemical leach tests using deionized water as the extraction fluid show the dust samples can be quite alkaline, due primarily to reactions with calcium hydroxide in concrete particles. Calcium and sulfate are the most soluble components in the dust, but many other elements are also readily leached, including metals such as Al, Sb, Mo Cr, Cu, and Zn. Indoor dust samples produce leachates with higher pH, alkalinity, and dissolved solids than outdoor dust samples, suggesting most outdoor dust had reacted with water and atmospheric carbon dioxide prior to sample collection. Leach tests using simulated lung fluids as the extracting fluid suggest that the dust might also be quite reactive in fluids lining the respiratory tract, resulting in dissolution of some particles and possible precipitation of new phases such as phosphates, carbonates, and silicates. Results of these chemical characterization studies can be used by health scientists as they continue to track and interpret health effects resulting from the short-term exposure to the initial dust cloud and the longer-term exposure to dusts resuspended during cleanup.
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listed at: http://speclab.cr.usgs.gov/wtc/

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Facts about "20121010095001"RDF feed
Abstract URLhttp://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/bk-2006-0919.ch012 +
AuthorsGeoffrey S. Plumlee +, Philip L. Hageman +, Paul J. Lamothe +, Thomas L. Ziegler +, Gregory P. Meeker +, Peter M. Theodorakos +, Isabelle K. Brownfield +, Monique G. Adams +, Gregg A. Swayze +, Todd M. Hoefen +, Joseph E. Taggar +, Roger N. Clark +, Stephen E. Wilson + and Stephen J. Sutley +
BookUrban Aerosols and Their Impact: Lessons Learned from the World Trade Center Tradgedy +
Book Chapter12 +
Book End Page276 +
Book Start Page238 +
Cite asPlumlee, G.S., Hageman, P.L., Lamothe, P.JPlumlee, G.S., Hageman, P.L., Lamothe, P.J., Ziegler, T.L., Meeker, G.P., Theodorakos, P., Brownfield, I., Adams, M., Swayze G.A., Hoefen, T., Taggart, J.E., Clark, R.N., Wilson, S., Sutley, S., 2006, Chapter 12: Inorganic chemical composition and chemical reactivity of settled dusts generated by the World Trade Center building collapse: in Urban Aerosols and Their Impacts: Lessons Learned from the World Trade Center Tragedy, Jeff Gaffney and N. A. Marley (eds), American Chemical Society, Symposium Series 919, Oxford University Press, p. 238-276, plates 12.1-12.2.rsity Press, p. 238-276, plates 12.1-12.2. +
Company or AgencyU.S. Geological Survey +
Isbn0-8412-3916-9 +
Number of Pages39 +
Original URLhttp://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/bk-2006-0919.ch012 +
Publication Date1 January 2006 +
TitleInorganic chemical composition and chemical reactivity of settled dusts generated by the World Trade Center building collapse +
Working URL

http://speclab.cr.usgs.gov/PAPERS/wtc.asc.ch3

+
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